Pathology Faculty Member

More information on...

  • Home
  • Training
  • Research
  • Clinical Services
  • Expert Consultation
  • Faculty
  • Contact Information:

    Pathology Laboratory
    Egleston Hospital, 1405 Clifton Road
    Atlanta, GA 30322
    404 785-6499 Phone

    For an expert Pathology consultation,
    or to send a specimen, call:


    Carlos R Abramowsky, MD

    Pediatric Pathology

    Pathology & Laboratory Medicine

    Pathology Faculty Photo

    Other Appointments/Positions

    Professor of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Dept.of Pediatrics

    Pathology Division(s):
    Anatomic Pathology

    Email Address:


    MD   University of Panama, School of Medicine Panama, Republic of Panama., 1963 - 1968

    Research Interests:

    - Placental mechanisms of defense against infections, Primary Immunodeficiencies.
    My research deals with placental responses (cytokines, cellular responses) to infections (HIV, malaria) that may affect the fetus. I also investigate immunodeficiencies, liver diseases, and transplantation.

    Clinical Focus:

    My interests are focused on diagnosis of pediatric pathologic disorders affecting children of all ages. I take special interest in fetal and neonatal pathology and placental pathology. Other interests include: immunodeficiencies, gastrointestinal and liver disorders, placental inflammation, transplant pathology.

    Specialty Boards:

    1974 Diplomate Anatomic Pathology -

    1984 Diplomate Clinical Pathology

    1990 Diplomate Pediatric Pathology

    Selected Publications:

    Published and Accepted Research Articles -

    Pediatric Giant Cell Myocarditis and Orbital Myositis Pediatric Cardiology Dec 16, 2008 (Epub)

    Anaplastic Large Cell Neuroblastoma Pediatric and Developmental Pathology 8:1, 2009 (Epub)

    Accidental perforation of the SVCava during ECMO catheterization in two neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Amer J.Forensic Med and Pathol. 29:271, 2008

    Pediatric Hepatopulmonary Syndrome is seen with polysplenia/interrupted inferior vena cava and without cirrhosis. Liver Transplantation 13:680, 2007

    Rhabdomyomatous Hamartoma of the Pharyngeal Region with Bilateral Microtia and Aural Atresia-A new association? Birth Defects Research Part A Clin Molecular Teratology 79:242, 2007

    . Kobrynski LJ, Abramowsky C. Monoclonal IgA Gammopathy due to Maternal B cells in an Infant with Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID) prior to Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. J. Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 28:53-56, 2006

    Feldman AL, Berthold F, Arceci RJ, Abramowsky C, Shehata B M, Mann KP, Lauer SJ, Pritchard J, Raffeld M, Jaffe E. Clonal relationship between Precursor T-Lymphoblastic Leukemia/Lymphoma and Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis. Lancet Oncol. 6: 435-7, 2005

    Chaisavaneeyakorn S, Lucchi N, Abramowsky C, Moore JM, Othoro C, Chaiyaroj SC, Shi YP, Nahlen BL, Udhayakumar V.; Immunohistological characterization of Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor (MIF) expression in malaria-infected placentas. Infection and Immunity, 73:3287-93, 2005

    . Kim D-K, Findley HW, Abramowsky C, Gu L, Zhou M, Soe M-M, Sullivan K, George B, Schemankewicz E, Alvarado C., Expression of inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP) livin by neuroblastoma cells: correlation with prognostic factors and outcome. Ped. Dev Pathol.; 8:621-629, 2005

    . Shehata BM, Abramowsky C. Alveolar capillary dysplasia in trisomy 21. Pediatric and Developmental Pathology. 8:696-700, 2005

    Chaisavaneeyakorn S, Lucchi N, Abramowsky C, Moore JM, Othoro C, Chaiyaroj SC, Shi YP, Nahlen BL, Udhayakumar V.; Immunohistological characterization of Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor (MIF) expression in malaria-infected placentas. Infection and Immunity, 73:3287

    . Howell DL, Abramowsky CR, Granulocytic sarcoma presenting as a large mediastinal mass with acute spinal cord compression in a non-leukemic child. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2004

    Abramowsky C, Alvarado C, Wyly B, Ricketts R. "Hamartoma" of the spleen (splenoma) in children. Pediatric and Developmental Pathology 7:231-36, 2004

    . Black J.O, White J, Abramowsky C., Shehata B.: Pathologic Quiz Case; Edema and diarrhea in a 2 year-old boy. Arch Pathol Lab Med 128:e117, 2004

    Romero R, Abramowsky CR, Pillen T, Smallwood GA, Heffron TG. Peripheral eosinophilia and eosinophilic gastroenteritis after pediatric liver transplantation. Pediatric Transplantation. 7:1-5, 2003

    Brahmbatt H, Kigozi G, Wabwire-Mangen F, Serwadda D, Sewakambo N, Lutalo T, Wawer M, Abramowsky C, Sullivan D, Gray R. The effects of placental malaria on mother-to-child HIV transmission in Rakai, Uganda; AIDS 17:7-9, 2003.

    Abramowsky C, Romero R, Heffron T.; Pathology of non-cirrhotic portal hypertension. Clinico-patho-Logic studies in pediatric patients. Pediatric and Dev Pathology; 6:421-26, 2003.

    Gow KW, Kobrynski L, Abramowsky C, Lloyd D. Massive benign thymic hyperplasia in a six-month old girl: case report. Am Surg. 69:717-9, 2003.

    Lee H, Morgan K, Abramowsky C, Ricketts RR. Leiomyoma at the site of esophageal repair. J Pediatr Surg 36:1823-3, 2001

    Gray RH, Wabwire-Mangen F, Kigozi G, Sewankambo NK, Serwadda D, Moulton LH, Quinn TC, O'Brien KL, Meehan M, Abramowsky C, Robb M, Waver MJ. Randomized trial of presumptive sexually transmitted disease therapy during pregnancy in Rakai, Uganda. Am J Obstet Gynecol 185: 1209-17, 2001

    Petrillo TM, Beck-Sague CM, Songer JG, Abramowsky C, Fortenberry JD, Meacham L, Dean AG, Lee H, Bueschel DM, Nesheim SR.; Enteritis necroticans ("Pig Bel") in a diabetic child. New Engl J of Med. 342:1250-53, 200.

    Wabwire-Mangen F., Gray R.H., Mmiro F.A., Ndugwa C., Abramowsky CR.,Wabinga H., Whalen C, Li C, Saah AJ. Placental Membrane Inflammation and Risks of Maternal-to-Infant Transmission of HIV in Uganda - J. Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 22: 379-85, 1999

    Nahmias A., Abramowsky CR., Dobronyi I, Ibegbu C., Henderson S. Infection and Immunity at The Maternal-Placental Interface: Focus on HIV-1. Trophoblast Res. 12:103-24, 1998

    Hopkins KL, Dickson PK, Ball TI, Ricketts RR, O'Shea PA, and Abramowsky CR. Fetus in Fetu with Malignant Recurrence.- .Jour Ped Surg. vol 32: 1476-79 1997

    Aru, G.M., Abramowsky CR, Ricketts RR. Inflammatory pseudotumor of the spleen in a young child - Pediatric Surgery International 12:299, 1996.

    Thoms W, Vega R, Abramowsky CR, Ricketts R, Wyly B. Multimodal Management of Recurrent Wilm's Tumor: The Role of Radiation Therapy. Med Ped Oncol 27.179-184 (1996).

    Hudgins PA., Siegel J, Jacobs I, Abramowsky CR. The appearance of the normal pediatric larynx on CT and MR Imaging. J Neuroradiology 1996.

    Polliotti BM, Holmes R, Cornish JD, Schwartz DA, Abramowsky CR, Panigel M, Nahmias AJ. Long term dual perfusion of isolated human placental lobules with physiologic oxygenation for infectious diseases research. Placenta 17: 57-68, 1996.

    Polliotti B, Abramowsky CR, Schwartz DA. Keesling SS, Lee GR, Caba J, Zhang W, Panigel M, Nahmias AJ. Culture of first trimester and full term chorionic Villus explants: Role of hCG and hPL as a viability index. Early Pregnancy, Biology and Medicine. 1: 270-280, 1995.

    Jafari HS, Saez-Llorens X, Severien C, Parras F, Friedland 1, Rinderknecht S, Ehrett S, Olsen KD, Abramowsky CR, McCracken GH Jr. Effects of Antifungal Therapy on Inflammation, Sterilization and Histology in Experimental Candida albicans Meningitis. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 38: 83-89, 1994.

    Abramowsky CR, Backe E, Schwartz DA. Optimizing Pathologic Methods for Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases of the Placenta. Trophoblast Research 8: 265-7, 1994.

    Banwell JG, Howard R, Kabir 1, Adrian TE, Diamond RH, Abramowsky CR. Small Intestinal Growth Caused by Feeding Red Kidney Bean Phytohemagglutinin Lectin to Rats. Gastroenterology. 104: 1669-77, 1993.

    Banwell JG, Howard R, Kabir 1, Adrian TE, Diamond RH, Abramowsky CR. Small Intestinal Growth Caused by Feeding Red Kidney Bean Phytohemagglutinin Lectin to Rats. Gastroenterology. 104: 1669-77, 1993.

    Abramowsky CR, Gonzalez B and Sorensen RU: Disseminated Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) Infections in Patients with Primary Immunodeficiencies. Am J Clin Path 100:52-6, 1993.

    Abramowsky CR: Pathological Case of the Month. Am. J. Dis. Child. 147: 207-8, 1993.

    Tomashefski JF, Abramowsky CR, Park MC, Wisniewska J, Bruce MC: lmmunofluorescence Studies of Lung Tissue in Cystic Fibrosis; Pediatric Pathol 12:313-324, 1992.

    Dunkle, LM, Abramowsky CR: Clinico-Pathologic Conference. Pediatr Inf Dis J 10:772, 1991.

    Beyer-Patterson P and Abramowsky CR: lmmunogold staining technique for demonstration of T. pallidum in paraffin embedded tissue sections. J. Histotechnology 14:243-44, 1991

    Abramowsky CR, Beyer-Patterson P: Non-Syphilitic Spirochetosis in Second Trimester Fetuses. Pediatric Pathology 11:827-38, 1991.

    Conover PT, Abramowsky CR and Beyer-Pafterson, P: Immnunohistochemical Diagnosis of Disseminated lntravascular Coagulation in Newborns. Pediatric Pathology 10:707-'716, 1990.

    Sorensen RU, Abramowsky CR, Stem RC: Corticosteroid sparing effect of hydroxychloroquine in a patient with early onset Weber-Christian syndrome. J Am Acad Dermatol 23:1172-1174, 1990.

    Kida M, Abramowsky CR and Santoscoy C. Cryptococcosis of the Placenta in a Woman with AIDS. Human Pathology 20:920-921, 1989.

    Minoru Y, Steketee R, Abramowsky C, Kida M et al. P.falciparum Associated Placental Pathology: A light and electron microscopical and immunohistochemical study. Am J Tropical Med and Hygiene 41:161-168,1989.

    Bhargava V, Tomashefski JF, Stern RC and Abramowsky CR: The Pathology of Fungal Infections and Colonization in Patients with Cystic Fibrosis. Human Pathology 20:977-986, 1989.

    Abramowsky CR, Taylor S, Anton A, Berk A, Roederer M and Murphy RF: Flow Cytometry DNA Ploidy Analysis and Catecholamine Secretion Profiles in Neuroblastoma. Cancer 63:1752-1756, 1989.

    Tomashefski JF, Konstan MW, Bruce MC and Abramowsky CR: The Pathologic Characteristics of Interstitial Pneumonia in Cystic Fibrosis. A Retrospective Autopsy Study. Am. J Clin Pathol 91:522-530, 1989.

    Abramowsky CR, Hupertz V, Kilbridge P and Czinn S: Intestinal Lymphangiectasia in Children. Pediatric Pathology 9:289-297, 1989.

    Jones JF, Shurin A, Abramowsky CR, et al: T-cell Lymphomas Containing Epstein-Barr Viral DNA in Patients with Chronic Epstein-Barr Virus Infections. New Engl J Med 318:733-741, 1988.

    Saracco S, Abramowsky CR, Taylor S, Silverman RA and Berman BW: Spontaneously Regressing Adrenocortical Carcinoma in a Newborn - With DNA Ploidy Studies. Cancer 62:507-511, 1988.

    Abramowsky CR, Sorensen RU: Regional Enteritis-Like Enteropathy in a Patient with Agammaglobulinemia; Histological and Immunocytochemical Studies. Human Path 19:483-486, 1988.

    Rosenthal N and Abramowsky CR: The Causes of Morbidity and Mortality Among Infants Born at Term. Arch Path and Lab Med 112:178-181, 1988.

    TC, Abramowsky CR, Ashenburg C and Rothstein F: Clinico-Pathologic Studies in Childhood Pancreatitis. Human Path 19:343-349, 1988.

    Cheung NK, Lazarus H, Miraidi F, Abramowsky CR, Kallick S, Saarinen UM, Strandjord S, Coccia P, and Berger N: Ganglioside GD2 Specific Monoclonal Antibody 3F8: A Phase I Study in Patients with Neuroblastoma and Malignant Melanoma. J Clin Oncology 5:1430-1440, 1987.

    Fletcher BD, Jacobstein MD, Abramowsky CR and Anderson RH: Right Atrioventricular Valve Atresia: Anatomic Evaluation with Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Am. J. Roentgenol. 148:671-674, 1987.

    Abramowsky CR and Christiansen DM: Secretory lmmunoglobulin Deposits in Renal Glomeruli of Children with Extra-Hepatic Biliary Atresia - Studies in a Human Counterpart of Experimental Ligation of Bile Ducts. Human Pathol 18:1126-1131, 1987.

    Cheung NKV, Landmeier B, Neely J, Nelson AD, Abramowsky CR et al: Complete Tumor Ablation with Iodine 131 Radiolabelled GD2-Specific Monoclonal Antibody Against Human Neuroblastoma Xenografted in Nude Mice. J. Nat'l Cancer Institute 77:739, 1986.

    Sorensen RU, Abramowsky CR and Stern RC: Ten Year Course of Weber- Christian Syndrome with Recurrent Pneumonia: A suggestion for pathogenesis. Pediatrics. 78:115-120, 1986.

    Abramowsky CR and Swinehart GL: Secretory-Immune Responses in Human Kidneys. Am. J. Pathol. 125:571-577, 1986.

    Sorensen RU, Halpin T, Abramowsky CR, et al: Intestinal Lymphangiectasia and Thymic Hypoplasia. Clin. and Exper. Immunol. 59:217-226,1985.

    Grossniklaus HE, Levine MR, Abramowsky CR and Lass JH: Childhood Orbital Pseudotumor. Ann. Ophthalmol. 17:372,1985.

    Abramowsky CR, Dahms BB and Swinehart G: IgA Associated Glomerular Deposits in Liver Disease. Hum Path 16:1243,1985.

    Redline RW and Abramowsky CR: Clinical and Pathologic Aspects of Recurrent Placental Villitis. Hum. Path. 16:727, 1985.

    Davis CA, Abramowsky CR, And Swinehart G: Circulating Immune Complexes and the Nephropathy of Cystic Fibrosis. Human Path. 15:244-247, 1984.

    Banwell JG, Abramowsky CR, Weber F and Howard R: Phytohemagglutinin Induced Diarrheal Disease. A study of lectin binding in the gastrointestinal tract of the rat. Digestive Diseases and Sciences 29:921, 1984.

    Kommareddi S, Abramowsky CR, Swinehart G and Hrabak L: Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infections - Comparison of the Fluorescent Auramine-0 and Ziehl-Neelsen Techniques in Tissue Diagnosis. Human Path. 15:1055, 1984.

    Abramowsky CR: Amyloidosis in an Infant with Chronic Panniculitis. Pediatric Path. 2:331, 1984.

    Pickering SP, Fletcher BD, Bryan PJ and Abramowsky CR: Renal Lymphangioma: A Cause of Neonatal Nephromegaly. Pediatric Radiology 14:445, 1984.

    Abramowsky CR, Aikawa M, Swinehart GL and Snajdar RM. Spontaneous Nephrotic Syndrome in a Genetic Rat Model. Amer. J. Path. 117:400, 1984.

    Abramowsky CR and Witt WJ: Sarcoma of the Larynx in a Newborn. Cancer 51:1726,1983.

    Morrison SC, Abramowsky CR and Fletcher BD: Chest Mass in a Teenage Girl (Symposium on Radiology of Chest Problems). Investigative Radiology 18:401, 1983.

    Graham-Pole J, Salmi T, Anton A, Abramowsky CR and Gross S: Tumor and Urine Catecholamines in Neurogenic Tumors: Correlations with other Prognostic Factors and survival - Cancer 51:834, 1983.

    Anton P and Abramowsky CR: Adult-Type Polycystic Renal Disease Presenting in Infancy: A report emphasizing the bilateral involvement. Journal of Urology 128:1290-1291, 1982.

    Cramer SF, Kent L, Abramowsky CR, Moskowitz RW: Eosinophilic Fasciitis. Immunopathology and Ultrastructure. Arch. Path. Lab. Med. 106:85-91, 1982

    Abramowsky CR, Swinehart G: The Nephropathy of Cystic Fibrosis - A Human Model of Chronic Nephrotoxicity. Human Path. 13:934-939, 1982.

    Abramowsky CR, Pickett JP, Schlitz BC and Bradford WD: Comparative Demonstration of Pulmonary Fat Emboli by a New "En Bloc" Osmium Tetroxide and Oil-Red-O Method. Human Path 12:753, 1981.

    Aikawa M, Abramowsky CR, Powers K, Furrow R: Dirofilariasis 4 - Glomerulonephropathy Induced by D. Immitis Infection .Am. J. Trop. Med. and Hyg. 30:84-91, 1981

    Tomashefski JF and Abramowsky CR: Candida Associated Renal Papillary Necrosis - A study of 9 patients. Am. J. Clin. Path. 75: 190-94, 1981.

    Abramowsky CR, Aikawa M, Swinehart G, and Powers K: Dirofilariasis 5. Filarial Nephropathy- Immunopathological Studies. Am. J. Path. 104:1-12,1981.

    Redline RW, Abramowsky CR: Transposition of the Great Vessels in an Infant Exposed to Massive Doses of Oral Contraceptives. Am. J. Obstet. & Gyn. 141:468-469, 1981.

    Fletcher BD, Abramowsky CR: Contrast Enemas in Cystic Fibrosis: Implications, of Appendiceal Nonfilling. Am. J. Radiology 137:323-326, 1981.

    Broniatowski M, Witt WJ, Shah AC, Galloway PG and Abramowsky CR: Glial Tissue in the Parapharyngeal Space. Arch. Otolaryngol. 107:638, 1981.

    Kurczynski TW, Muir WA, Fleisher D, Palomaki TF, Gaull GE, Rassin DK and Abramowsky CR: Matemal Homocystinuria: Studies of an Untreated Mother and Fetus. Arch.Dis, in Childhood 55:721, 1980.

    Tomashefski JF, Cramer SF, Abramowsky CR, Cohen AM, and Horak G. Needle Biopsy Diagnosis of Solitary Amyloid Nodule of the Lung. ACTA Cytologica 24:224, 1980.

    Abramowsky CR, Cebelin M, Choudhoury A, lzant RJ: Undifferentiated (Embryonal) Sarcoma of the Liver with Alpha-1 -Antitrypsin Deposits. Cancer 45:3108, 1980.

    Abramowsky CR, Chrenka B, Fanaroff A: Wharton Jelly Embolism: An Unusual Complication of Umbilical Catheterization. J. Peds. 96:739, 1980.

    Nussbaum E, Abramowsky CR: Mycobacterium avium Infection. Early Detection by the Auramine-0 Technique. Clinical Pediatrics 19:131, 1980.

    Abramowsky CR, Vegas ME, Swinehart G and Gyves M: The Placenta in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. New Engl. J. Med. 303:668, 1980.

    Stern R, Boat T, Abramowsky CR, Matthews LW, Wood RE and Doershuk CF: Intermediate-Range Sweat Chloride Concentration and Pseudomonas Bronchitis. JAMA 239:2676, 1978.

    Abramowsky CR and Gonzalvo AA: Postmortem Demonstration of Esophageal Varices, and Correlation with Liver Disease. Am. J. Clin. Path. 64:672

    Gutman L, Handwerger S, Abramowsky CR and Zwadyk P: Mycobacterium chelonei Thyroiditis. Am. Rev. Resp. Dis. 110:807,1974.

    Abramowsky CR, Quinn D, and Conant MF: Fusariosis, The Emergence of a Saphrophytic Strain. J. Peds. 81:561, 1974

    McCoy RC, Abramowsky CR and Krueger R: Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome with Positive Immunofluorescence Studies. J. Peds. 85:170,1974.

    McCoy RC, Abramowsky CR and Tisher CC: IgA Nephropathy - A Disease with Alternate Pathway Complement Activation. Immunofluorescent and Ultrastructural Studies. Am. J. Path. 76:123,1974.

    Book Chapters -

    Abramowsky CR and Sorensen RU. Primary Immunodeficiency and Autoimmune Disorders, in: Pediatric Pathology, 2nd edition. Stocker and Dehner eds. 2001

    . Abramowsky CR. Rubella, in: Pathology of Infectious Diseases. D Connors et al, eds. 1997 Appleton and Lange, Stamford, Conn.

    Abramowsky CR, Sorensen RU. The Immune System, in: Diseases of the Fetus and Newborn. G. Reed, A. Claireaux, F. Cockburn Eds. 2nd Ed. Chapman & Hall, London, 1995

    Abramowsky CR & Nahmias A. Infections in the Fetus and Newborn, in: Diseases of the Fetus and Newborn. G. Reed, A. Claireaux, F. Cockburn Eds. 2nd Ed. Chapman & Hall, London, 1995.

    Tomashefski J, Abramowsky CR, Dahms B - Pathology of Cystic Fibrosis. In: Cystic Fibrosis Davis P. ed. 1993 [Lung Biology in Health and Disease - L'Enfant C, Series Ed.]. Dekker.

    Abramowsky CR: Immunodeficiency Disorders in Children. In: Pediatric Pathology - T. Stocker and L. Dehner, Editors, 1992; Lippincott.

    Abramowsky CR and Sorensen RU: The Immune System in the Fetus and Newborn. In: Diseases of the Fetus and Newborn - Pathology, Radiology and Genetics. Reed G, Claireaux AE, Bain AD, Editors, Chapman & Hall Ltd. Publishers, London, 1989.

    Abramowsky CR: Lupus Erythematosus, The Placenta, and Pregnancy: A Natural Experiment in Immunologically Mediated Reproductive Failure. In: Reproductive Immunology .- Gleicher N., Editor, Chapter 27, pp 309-320, Alan Liss, Inc., New York, 1981.

    Books Edited and Written -

    Abramowsky CR, Bernstein J, Rosenberg H, Eds: Transplantation Pathology -Hepatic Morphogenesis - Vol. 14, Perspectives in Pediatric Pathology, '1991, Karger, Basel

    Abramowsky CR and Coccia PF. Bone Marrow Transplantation in Pediatrics. In: Perspectives in Pediatric Pathology, Volume 13, 1989, pp 6-43, Organ Transplantation in Children. Abramowsky CR and Colvin RB., Volume Editors, Karger, Basel.