Pathology Faculty Member

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    Emory University Hospital - Pathology
    1364 Clifton Rd NE, Suite H180D
    Atlanta GA 30322
    404-712-4178 Phone

    For an expert Pathology consultation,
    or to send a specimen, call:


    Alyssa Krasinskas, MD

    Pathology & Laboratory Medicine

    Pathology Faculty Photo

    Other Appointments/Positions

    Director, Surgical Pathology, Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Emory University

    Pathology Division(s):
    Anatomic Pathology

    Email Address:


    BA   Clark University, Worcester, MA, - 1990

    MD   University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, - 1994

    Resident   AP/CP Residency, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, - 2001

    Fellow   GI, Liver and Surgical Pathology Fellow, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, - 2002

    Research Interests:

    - Pancreatic cancer
    Molecular pathogenesis Treatment effect

    - Ampullary cancer
    Classification and staging of ampullary tumors Molecular pathogenesis

    - Peritoneal disease
    Mesotheliomas and mucinous adenocarcinomas

    - Liver allograft rejection

    Clinical Focus:

    GI pathology (resections and biopsies)

    Pancreaticobiliary pathology

    Hepatic pathology (including liver transplantation)

    Director of Surgical Pathology

    Director of GI / Liver Pathology Fellowship

    Honors / Awards:

    The Rodger C. Haggitt Gastrointestinal Pathology Society Distinguished Service Award, 2017

    Emory Pathology Faculty Mentorship Award, 2016

    Rodger C. Haggitt Gastrointestinal Pathology Society Award to Chad Rund for Best Presentation by a Resident/Fellow at the annual USCAP meeting (Mentor and Senior Author), 2007

    The H.T. Enterline Fellowship Award for Excellence in Diagnostic Skills and Commitment to Teaching and Scholarly Activity, University of Pennsylvania, 2002

    American Society of Transplantation Young Investigator Award, 1999

    International Society of Heart and Lung Transplantation Research Fellowship: The Role of Bone Marrow-Derived Elements in Allograft Rejection ($25,000), 1998

    George H. Whipple, M.D. Academy of Medicine Award for Contributing to the Progress of Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, 1993

    Victor M. Emmel Award for Excellence in Histology, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, 1991

    Selected Publications:

    Published and Accepted Research Articles -

    Quigley B, Reid MD, Pehlivanoglu B, Squires MH 3rd, Maithel S, Xue Y, Hyejeong C, Akkas G, Muraki T, Kooby DA, Sarmiento JM, Cardona K, Sekhar A, Krasinskas A, Adsay V. Hepatobiliary mucinous cystic neoplasms with ovarian type stroma (so-called "hepatobiliary cystadenoma/cystadenocarcinoma"): clinicopathologic analysis of 36 cases illustrates rarity of carcinomatous change. Am J Surg Pathol. 2018 Jan;42(1):95-102.

    Lopez-Aguiar AG, Ethun CG, Postlewait LM, Zhelnin K, Krasinskas A, El-Rayes BF, Russell MC, Sarmiento JM, Kooby DA, Staley CA, Maithel SK, Cardona K. Redefining the Ki-67 index stratification for low-grade pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors: improving its prognostic value for recurrence of disease. Am Surg Oncol. 2018 Jan;25(1):290-8.

    Muraki T, Kim GE, Reid MD, Mittal P, Bedolla G, Memis B, Pehlivanoglu B, Freedman A, Erbarut Seven I, Choi H, Kooby D, Maithel SK, Sarmiento JM, Krasinskas A, Adsay V. Paraduodenal pancreatitis: imaging and pathologic correlation of 47 cases elucidates distinct subtypes and the factors involved in its etiopathogenesis. Am J Surg Pathol. Am J Surg Pathol. 2017 Oct;41(10):1347-63.

    Iskandar H, Greer JB, Krasinskas AM, Tinsley AT, Koltun WA, Siegel CA, Levy LC, Herfarth HH, Farraye FA, Binion DG, Rosh JR, Keljo DJ, Isaacs KL, Regueiro MD. IBD LIVE Series-Case 8: treatment options for refractory esophageal Crohn's disease and hidradenitis suppurativa. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2017 Oct;23(10):1667-77.

    Lawless ME, Toweill DL, Jewell KD, Jain D, Lamps L, Krasinskas AM, Swanson PE, Upton MP, Yeh MM. Massive gastric juvenile polyposis: a clinicopathologic study using SMAD4 immunohistochemistry. Am J Clin Pathol. 2017 Apr 1;147(4):390.

    Krasinskas AM, Oakley GJ, Bagci P, Jang KT, Kuan SF, Reid MD, Erbarut I, Adsay V. "Simple Mucinous Cyst" of the Pancreas: A Clinicopathologic Analysis of 39 Examples of a Diagnostically Challenging Entity Distinct From Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasms and Mucinous Cystic Neoplasms. Am J Surg Pathol. 2017 Jan;41(1):121-27.

    Xue Y, Vanoli A, Balci S, Reid MM, Saka B, Bagci P, Memis B, Choi H, Ohike N, Tajiri T, Muraki T, Quigley B, El-Rayes BF, Shaib W, Kooby D, Sarmiento J, Maithel SK, Knight JH, Goodman M, Krasinskas AM, Adsay V. Non-ampullary-duodenal carcinomas: clinicopathologic analysis of 47 cases and comparison with ampullary and pancreatic adenocarcinomas. Mod Pathol. 2017 Feb;30(2):255-66.

    Zhelnin K, Xue Y, Quigley B, Reid MD, Choi H, Memis B, Adsay V, Krasinskas AM. Nonmucinous Biliary Epithelium Is a Frequent Finding and Is Often the Predominant Epithelial Type in Mucinous Cystic Neoplasms of the Pancreas and Liver. Am J Surg Pathol. 2017 Jan;41(1):116-20.

    Gonzalez RS, Adsay V, Graham RP, Shroff SG, Feely MM, Drage MG, Lewin DN, Swanson EA, Yantiss RK, Bagci P, Krasinskas AM. Massive gastric juvenile-type polyposis: a clinicopathologic analysis of 22 cases. Histopathology. 2017 May;70(6):918-28.

    Xue Y, Reid MD, Balci S, Quigley B, Muraki T, Memis B, Xia J, Hacihasanoglu E, Bedolla G, Pehlivanoglu B, Kim GE, Tajiri T, Ohike N, Aneja R, Krasinskas AM, Adsay V. Immunohistochemical classification of ampullary carcinomas: critical reappraisal fails to confirm prognostic relevance for recently proposed panels, and highlights MUC5AC as a strong prognosticator. Am J Surg Pathol. 2017 Jul;41(7):865-76.

    Dendy MS, Camacho JC, Ludwig JM, Krasinskas AM, Knechtle SJ, Kim HS. Infiltrative hepatocellular carcinoma with portal vein tumor thrombosis treated with a single high-dose Y90 radioembolization and subsequent liver transplantation without a recurrence. Transplant Direct. 2017 Aug 18;3(9):e206

    Avadhani V, Hacihasanoglu E, Memis B, Pehlivanoglu B, Hanley KZ, Krishnamurti U, Krasinskas AM, Osunkoya AO, Daniels LM, Freedman AA, Goodman M, Adsay V, Reid MD. Cytologic predictors of malignancy in bile duct brushings: a multi-reviewer analysis of 60 cases. Mod Pathol. 2017 Sep;30(9):1273-86.

    Muraki T, Memis B, Reid MD, Uehara T, Ito T, Hasebe O, Okaniwa S, Horigome N, Hisa T, Mittal P, Freedman A, Maithel S, Sarmiento JM, Krasinskas A, Koshiol J, Adsay V. Reflux-associated cholecystopathy: analysis of 76 gallbladders from patients with supra-oddi union of the pancreatic duct and common bile duct (pancreatobiliary maljunction) elucidates a specific diagnostic pattern of mucosal hyperplasia as a prelude to carcinoma. Am J Surg Pathol. 2017 Sep;41(9):1167-77.

    Hartman DJ, Borczuk A, Dacic S, Krasinskas A. Reproducibility for histologic parameters in peritoneal mesothelioma. Hum Pathol. 2017 Sep;67:54-9

    Parslow TG, Adsay NV, Krasinskas AM, Roback JD. Impacts of new concepts and technologies on the practice of diagnostic pathology: an Emory University perspective. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2017 Mar;141(3):325-28

    Srivastava A, Appelman H, Goldsmith JD, Davison JM, Hart J, Krasinskas AM. The use of ancillary stains in the diagnosis of Barrett esophagus and Barrett esophagus-associated dysplasia: recommendations from the Rodger C. Haggitt Gastrointestinal Pathology Society. Am J Surg Pathol. 2017 May;41(5):e8-e21.

    Jin R, Krasinskas A, Le NA, Konomi JV, Holzberg J, Romero R, Vos MB. Association between plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 and severity of liver injury and cardiovascular risk in children with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Pediatr Obes. 2016 Oct 20. doi: 10.1111/ijpo.12183. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 27764892

    Saka B, Balci S, Basturk O, Bagci P, Postlewait LM, Maithel S, Knight J, El-Rayes B, Kooby D, Sarmiento J, Muraki T, Oliva I, Bandyopadhyay S, Akkas G, Goodman M, Reid MD, Krasinskas A, Everett R, Adsay V. Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma is Spread to the Peripancreatic Soft Tissue in the Majority of Resected Cases, Rendering the AJCC T-Stage Protocol (7th Edition) Inapplicable and Insignificant: A Size-Based Staging System (pT1: ¿2, pT2: >2-¿4, pT3: >4 cm) is More Valid and Clinically Relevant. Ann Surg Oncol. 2016 Jun;23(6):2010-8.

    Muraki T, Reid MD, Basturk O, Jang KT, Bedolla G, Bagci P, Mittal P, Memis B, Katabi N, Bandyopadhyay S, Sarmiento JM, Krasinskas A, Klimstra DS, Adsay V. Undifferentiated Carcinoma With Osteoclastic Giant Cells of the Pancreas: Clinicopathologic Analysis of 38 Cases Highlights a More Protracted Clinical Course Than Currently Appreciated. Am J Surg Pathol. 2016 Sep;40(9):1203-16.

    Reid MD, Basturk O, Shaib WL, Xue Y, Balci S, Choi HJ, Akkas G, Memis B, Robinson BS, El-Rayes BF, Staley CA, Staley CA, Winer JH, Russell MC, Knight JH, Goodman M, Krasinskas AM, Adsay V. Adenocarcinoma ex-goblet cell carcinoid (appendiceal-type crypt cell adenocarcinoma) is a morphologically distinct entity with highly aggressive behavior and frequent association with peritoneal/intra-abdominal dissemination: an analysis of 77 cases. Mod Pathol. 2016 Oct;29(10):1243-53.

    Halenda KM, Kudchadkar RR, Lawson DH, Kies DD, Zhelnin KE, Krasinskas AM, Grossniklaus HE. Reduction of Nodular Growth Pattern of Metastatic Uveal Melanoma after Radioembolization of Hepatic Metastases. Ocul Oncol Pathol. 2016 Apr;2(3):160-5.

    Reid MD, Balci S, Ohike N, Xue Y, Kim GE, Tajiri T, Memis B, Coban I, Dolgun A, Krasinskas AM, Basturk O, Kooby DA, Sarmiento JM, Maithel SK, El-Rayes BF, Adsay V. Ampullary carcinoma is often of mixed or hybrid histologic type: an analysis of reproducibility and clinical relevance of classification as pancreatobiliary versus intestinal in 232 cases. Mod Pathol. 2016 Dec;29(12):1575-85

    Gonzalez RS, Bagci P, Basturk O, Reid MD, Balci S, Knight JH, Kong SY, Memis B, Jang KT, Ohike N, Tajiri T, Bandyopadhyay S, Krasinskas AM, Kim GE, Cheng JD, Adsay NV. Intrapancreatic distal common bile duct carcinoma: Analysis, staging considerations, and comparison with pancreatic ductal and ampullary adenocarcinomas. Mod Pathol. 2016 Nov;29(11):1358-69. doi: 10.1038/modpathol.2016.125.

    Singhi AD, Krasinskas AM, Choudry HA, Bartlett DL, Pingpank JF, Zeh HJ, Luvison A, Fuhrer K, Bahary N, Seethala RR, Dacic S. The prognostic significance of BAP1, NF2, and CDKN2A in malignant peritoneal mesothelioma. Mod Pathol. 2016 Jan;29(1):14-24.

    Krasinskas AM, Borczuk AC, Hartman DJ, Chabot JA, Taub RN, Mogal A, Pingpank J, Bartlett D, Dacic S. Prognostic significance of morphological growth patterns and mitotic index of epithelioid malignant peritoneal mesothelioma. Histopathology. 2016 Apr;68(5):729-37.

    Adsay V, Mino-Kenudson M, Furukawa T, Basturk O, Zamboni G, Marchegiani G, Bassi C, Salvia R, Malleo G, Paiella S, Wolfgang CL, Matthaei H, Offerhaus GJ, Adham M, Bruno MJ, Reid MD, Krasinskas A, Klöppel G, Ohike N, Tajiri T, Jang KT, Roa JC, Allen P, Fernández-Del Castillo C, Jang JY, Klimstra DS, Hruban RH; Members of the Verona Consensus Meeting, 2013. Pathologic Evaluation and Reporting of Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasms of the Pancreas and Other Tumoral Intraepithelial Neoplasms of Pancreatobiliary Tract: Recommendations of Verona Consensus Meeting. Ann Surg. 2016;263(1):162-77.

    Basturk O, Hong SM, Wood LD, Adsay NV, Albores-Saavedra J, Biankin AV, Brosens LA, Fukushima N, Goggins M, Hruban RH, Kato Y, Klimstra DS, Klöppel G, Krasinskas A, Longnecker DS, Matthaei H, Offerhaus GJ, Shimizu M, Takaori K, Terris B, Yachida S, Esposito I, Furukawa T; Baltimore Consensus Meeting. A Revised Classification System and Recommendations From the Baltimore Consensus Meeting for Neoplastic Precursor Lesions in the Pancreas. Am J Surg Pathol. 2015 Dec;39(12):1730-41.

    Basturk O, Saka B, Balci S, Postlewait LM, Knight J, Goodman M, Kooby D, Sarmiento JM, El-Rayes B, Choi H, Bagci P, Krasinskas A, Quigley B, Reid MD, Akkas G, Maithel SK, Adsay V. Substaging of Lymph Node Status in Resected Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Has Strong Prognostic Correlations: Proposal for a Revised N Classification for TNM Staging. Ann Surg Oncol. 2015;22 Suppl 3:S1187-95.

    Zutter MM, Bloom KJ, Cheng L, Hagemann IS, Kaufman JH, Krasinskas AM, Lazar AJ, Leonard DG, Lindeman NI, Moyer AM, Nikiforova MN, Nowak JA, Pfeifer JD, Sepulveda AR, Willis JE, Yohe SL. The Cancer Genomics Resource List 2014. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2014 Dec 1. 2015 Aug;139(8):989-1008.

    Balci S, Basturk O, Saka B, Bagci P, Postlewait LM, Tajiri T, Jang KT, Ohike N, Kim GE, Krasinskas A, Choi H, Sarmiento JM, Kooby DA, El-Rayes BF, Knight JH, Goodman M, Akkas G, Reid MD, Maithel SK, Adsay V. Substaging Nodal Status in Ampullary Carcinomas has Significant Prognostic Value: Proposed Revised Staging Based on an Analysis of 313 Well-Characterized Cases. Ann Surg Oncol. 2015 Dec;22(13):4392-401.

    Reid MD, Choi HJ, Memis B, Krasinskas AM, Jang KT, Akkas G, Maithel SK, Sarmiento JM, Kooby DA, Basturk O, Adsay V. Serous Neoplasms of the Pancreas: A Clinicopathologic Analysis of 193 Cases and Literature Review With New Insights on Macrocystic and Solid Variants and Critical Reappraisal of So-called "Serous Cystadenocarcinoma". Am J Surg Pathol. 2015 Dec;39(12):1597-610.

    Basturk O, Yang Z, Tang LH, Hruban RH, Adsay V, McCall CM, Krasinskas AM, Jang KT, Frankel WL, Balci S, Sigel C, Klimstra DS. The high-grade (WHO G3) pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor category is morphologically and biologically heterogenous and includes both well differentiated and poorly differentiated neoplasms. Am J Surg Pathol. 2015 May;39(5):683-90.

    Hartman DJ, Krasinskas AM, Uttam S, Staton K, Bista R, Rizvi S, Slivka A, Brand R, Liu Y. Assessment of nuclear nanomorphology marker to improve the detection of malignancy from bile duct biopsy specimens. Am J Clin Pathol. 2014 Jun;141(6):884-91.

    Krasinskas AM, Chiosea S, Pal T, Dacic S. KRAS Mutational Analysis and Immunohistochemical Studies Can Help Distinguish Pancreatic Metastases from Primary Lung Adenocarcinomas. Mod Pathol. 2014;27(2):262-70.

    Basturk O, Tang L, Hruban RH, Adsay V, Yang Z, Krasinskas AM, Vakiani E, La Rosa S, Jang KT, Frankel WL, Liu X, Zhang L, Giordano TJ, Bellizzi AM, Chen JH, Shi C, Allen P, Reidy DL, Wolfgang CL, Saka B, Rezaee N, Deshpande V, Klimstra DS. Poorly Differentiated Neuroendocrine Carcinomas of the Pancreas: A Clinicopathologic Analysis of 44 Cases. Am J Surg Pathol. 2014 Apr;38(4):437-47.

    Boone BA, Sabbaghian S, Zenati M, Marsh JW, Moser AJ, Zureikat AH, Singhi AD, Zeh HJ 3rd, Krasinskas AM. Loss of SMAD4 staining in pre-operative cell blocks is associated with distant metastases following pancreaticoduodenectomy with venous resection for pancreatic cancer. J Surg Oncol. 2014 Aug;110(2):171-5.

    Navina S, McGrath K, Chennat J, Singh V, Pal T, Zeh H, Krasinskas AM. Adequacy assessment of endoscopic ultrasound-guided-fine needle aspirations of pancreatic masses for theranostic studies: Optimization of current practices is warranted. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2014 Jul;138(7):923-8.

    Van Buren G 2nd, Ramanathan RK, Krasinskas AM, Smith RP, Abood GJ, Bahary N, Lembersky BC, Shuai Y, Potter DM, Bartlett DL, Zureikat AH, Zeh HJ, James Moser A. Phase II study of induction fixed-dose rate gemcitabine and bevacizumab followed by 30 Gy radiotherapy as preoperative treatment for potentially resectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Ann Surg Oncol. 2013 Nov;20(12):3787-93.

    Nikiforova MN, Khalid A, Fasanella KE, McGrath KM, Brand RE, Chennat JS, Slivka A, Zeh HJ, Zureikat AH, Krasinskas AM, Ohori NP, Schoedel KE, Navina S, Mantha GS, Pai RK, Singhi AD. Integration of KRAS testing in the diagnosis of pancreatic cystic lesions: a clinical experience of 618 pancreatic cysts. Mod Pathol. 2013 Nov;26(11):1478-87.

    Rajagopalan MS, Heron DE, Wegner RE, Zeh HJ, Bahary N, Krasinskas AM, Lembersky B, Brand R, Moser AJ, Quinn AE, Burton SA. Pathologic response with neoadjuvant chemotherapy and stereotactic body radiotherapy for borderline resectable and locally-advanced pancreatic cancer. Radiat Oncol. 2013 Oct 31;8(1):254.

    Boone BA, Steve J, Krasinskas AM, Zureikat AH, Lembersky BC, Gibson MK, Stoller RG, Zeh HJ, Bahary N. Outcomes with FOLFIRINOX for borderline resectable and locally unresectable pancreatic cancer. J Surg Oncol. 2013 Sep;108(4):236-41. doi: 10.1002/jso.23392.

    Krasinskas AM, Moser AJ, Saka B, Adsay NV and Chiosea SI. KRAS Mutant Allele Specific Imbalance is Associated with Worse Prognosis in Pancreatic Cancer and Progression to Undifferentiated Carcinoma of the Pancreas. Mod Pathol. 2013 Oct;26(10):3446-54.

    Krasinskas AM, Chiosea S, Pal T, Dacic S. KRAS Mutational Analysis and Immunohistochemical Studies Can Help Distinguish Pancreatic Metastases from Primary Lung Adenocarcinomas. Mod Pathol 2013. Jul 26. doi: 10.1038/modpathol.2013.146. [Epub ahead of print]

    Whitcomb DC, Larusch J, Krasinskas AM, et al. Common genetic variants in the CLDN2 and PRSS1-PRSS2 loci alter risk for alcohol-related and sporadic pancreatitis. Nat Genet. 2012 Nov 11;44(12):1349-54.

    Hartman DJ, Slivka A, Giusto DA, Krasinskas AM. Tissue Yield and Diagnostic Efficacy of Fluoroscopic and Cholangioscopic Techniques to Assess Indeterminate Biliary Strictures. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2012 Sep;10(9):1042-6.

    Adsay V, Ohike N, Tajiri T, Kim GE, Krasinskas A, Balci S, Bagci P, Basturk O, Bandyopadhyay S, Jang KT, Kooby DA, Maithel SK, Sarmiento J, Staley CA, Gonzalez RS, Kong SY, Goodman M. Ampullary Region Carcinomas: Definition and Site Specific Classification with Delineation of Four Clinicopathologically and Prognostically Distinct Subsets in an Analysis of 249 Cases. Am J Surg Pathol. 2012 Nov;36(11):1592-1608.

    Radu O, Nikifirov M, Farkas L, Krasinskas AM. Challenging cases encountered in colorectal cancer screening for Lynch syndrome reveal novel findings: Nucleolar MSH6 staining and impact of prior chemoradiation therapy. Hum Pathol. 2011;42(9):1247-58.

    Owens SR, Walls A, Krasinskas AM, Rund CR. Epstein-Barr Virus Gastritis: Rare or Rarely Sampled? A Case Report. Int J Surg Pathol. 2011 Apr;19(2):196-98.

    Raval JS, Zeh HJ, Moser AJ, Lee KK, Sanders MK, Navina S, Kuan SF, Krasinskas AM. Pancreatic lymphoepithelial cysts express CEA and can contain mucous cells: potential pitfalls in the preoperative diagnosis. Mod Pathol. 2010;23(11):1467-76.

    Krasinskas AM, Bartlett D, Cieply K, Dacic S. CDKN2A and MTAP Deletions in Peritoneal Mesotheliomas are Correlated with Loss of p16 Protein Expression and Survival. Mod Pathol. 2010; 23(4):531-8.

    Abraham SC, Poterucha JJ, Rosen CB, Demetris AJ and Krasinskas AM. Histologic abnormalities are common in protocol liver allograft biopsies from patients with normal liver function tests. Am J Surg Pathol 2008;32(7):965-73.

    Krasinskas AM, Demetris AJ, Poterucha JJ, Abraham SC. The Prevalence and Natural History of Untreated Isolated Central Perivenulitis in Adult Allograft Livers. Liver Transplantation 2008 May;14(5):625-32.

    Book Chapters -

    Krasinskas A, Pawlik TM, Mino-Kenudson M and Vauthey JN. Distal bile duct. In: AJCC Cancer Staging Manual. 8th ed. Springer, New York, NY. 2017; 317-326.

    Quigley B and Krasinskas AM. Small Intestine, Appendix, Colorectum, and Anus. In: Essentials of Anatomic Pathology. 4th ed. Springer, New York, NY. 2016; 1907-1944.

    Krasinskas AM. Developmental disorders of the gallbladder, extrahepatic biliary tract and pancreas. In: Goldblum JR and Odze R (eds). Surgical Pathology of the GI Tract, Liver, Biliary Tract and Pancreas. 3rd ed. Elsevier, Philadelphia, PA. 2015; 980-994.

    Robinson B and Krasinskas AM. Pathology of premalignant and malignant disease of the esophagus. In: Saba NF and El-Rayes BF (eds). Esophageal cancer Prevention, Diagnosis and Therapy. Springer, New York, NY. 2015; 41-60.

    Krasinskas AM and Goldsmith JD. Immunohistology of the Gastrointestinal Tract. In: Dabbs DA (ed). Diagnostic Immunohistochemistry: Theranostic and Genomic Applications. 4th ed. Elsevier, Philadelphia, PA. 2013; 508-539.